Pros and cons of 1x groupsets/systems

1x systems (groupsets) pros and cons

Updated: 19/11/2018. Cycling industry, mostly for marketing reasons, moves towards ever increasing “number of speeds“. However, there is also a trend of having fewer front chainrings (while ever increasing the number of rear ones). First the triples were extinct from high end groupsets of big manufacturers, then they came for the doubles. 🙂  Today’s modern … Read morePros and cons of 1x groupsets/systems

Bicycle pedals – types, standards

Bicycle pedal types and standards. Road, MTB, BMX, SPD, platforms...

Updated: 05/12/2018. This post explains pedal types and standards for screwing them into the cranks. There are two existing standards for mounting pedals and three pedal design types.   0. Two existing standards for mounting pedals: BMX vs standard There are two major pedal standards depending on spindle mounting thread diameter. One is 1/2″ wide spindle, popularly referred … Read moreBicycle pedals – types, standards

Bicyle equipment (“groupset”) classes

Bicycle equipment (groupset) classes - Dura-Ace, Ultegra, Deore, Super Record...

Updated: 16/11/2018. “What groupset do you ride?” is a common question among experienced cyclists. Less experienced ones often ask what bicycle groupset classes are the best, which one to buy. This post will give a ranking (list) of classes from the low, to top class, for the three major groupset manufacturers: Shimano, SRAM and Campagnolo. … Read moreBicyle equipment (“groupset”) classes

Front derailleur

Bicycle front derailleur (FD). Types of front derailleurs, frame mount standards, FD compatibility...

Updated: 08/11/2018. Explanation of all the important facts related to bicycle front derailleurs. Contents: 1. How does the front derailleur work? 2. FD mounting to the bicycle frame …2.1. Direct mount system known as H0, or DM …2.2. E-type (also known as low direct mount, E2-type, S3, Spec 3) …2.3. SRAM S2 (Spec 2) …2.4. … Read moreFront derailleur

Rear derailleur

Bicycle rear derailleur - chain wrap capacity, top and low normal, rapid rise, max sprocket capacity...

Updated: 20/05/2019. This post explains important facts about bicycle rear derailleurs. From construction and parts, to important characteristics such as chain wrap capacity etc. 1. How does the bicycle rear derailleur work? Rear derailleurs (often refferd to as RD) are used on bicycles with external gearing and multiple sprockets at the rear hub. They work … Read moreRear derailleur

Speeds – rear sprockets

Bicycle speeds - rear sprockets

Updated: 16/11/2018. This post gives a short overview of “bicycle speeds” in terms of rear sprocket (chainring) count. A series of articles explaining which sprockets can be matched with which derailleurs and shifters can be found here: Bicycle parts compatibility. For more details on cassette standards, read: Bicycle cassette (rear chainring) standards.   Bicycle rear sprockets … Read moreSpeeds – rear sprockets

Bicycle rear sprockets – freewheel VS freehub

Bicycle rear sprockets - freewheel vs freehub

Updated: 16/11/2018. There are two major standards (ways) of attaching bicycle cassettes to the rear wheel: old freewheel and the newer freehub. The differences and how to tell one from the other are explained in this post.   1. Freewheel VS Freehub Rear hubs are explained in the Bicycle rear hub post, while here the emphasis … Read moreBicycle rear sprockets – freewheel VS freehub

Bicycle gear ratios – gear inches

Bicycle gear ratios - what they are, what a gear-inch is, what gear ratios are needed, what to look out for

Updated: 16/11/2018. This post explains what bicycle gear ratios are (often expressed in gear-inches), how they work, what are the needed gear ratio ranges etc.   1. How do bicycle gear ratios function? Bicycle is driven by transferring pedaling force to the rear wheel. When pedals are turned, front chainring draws the chain, which goes … Read moreBicycle gear ratios – gear inches

How to lubricate a bicycle chain

Bicycle chain lubrication - how to lubricate a bicycle chain, why is that important, bicycle chain wear...

Updated: 16/11/2018. This post will explain basic things about bicycle chain maintenance. First there will be a few words about chain function, as well as chain and chainring wear, then chain cleaning techniques, followed by chain lubrication methods. Finally it will give some rough recommendations of chain lubricants. For detailed explanation of various chain lubricant … Read moreHow to lubricate a bicycle chain