Re-published, full integral version of the brilliant Scot Nicol’s “Metallurgy For Cyclists” article series.
Which bicycle frame material is the best? Carbon, steel, titanium, aluminium? Basics, differences, and pros & cons of each – explained.
Why are most bicycle frames built with the high horizontal top tube, rather tricky to step over? How to make a frame that is light and strong?
Bicycle comfort – affect of frame (geometry and type) and other components on riding comfort.
Updated: 09/09/2020. In a previous post headset construction was explained and important parts were noted. That post can be read here: Names of bicycle fork, head tube and headset parts (1st article in this series). Part names defined in that post will be used here. This post will explain what needs to be measured when changing, or … Read more
Updated: 20/07/2020. This post will explain minimal seatpost length. A post explaining seatpost width (diameter): Seatpost diameter sizing standards. 1. Seatpost lengths Seatposts are made in lengths from 75 to 430 millimeters. A seatpost can relatively easily be cut shorter, but a too short seatpost can’t be lengthened, of course. Saddle height is adjusted by … Read more
Updated: 21/08/2020. This is the first in a series of posts dealing with bicycle steerer bearings (i.e. fork and headset bearings). It contains explanation (with pictures) of basic parts and terms, that will be used in the following posts explaining bearing types and standard dimensions. First thing explained will be fork, then head tube, then … Read more
Updated: 16/10/2020. Previous posts in this series have explained: 1. saddle materials, 2. padding thickness (and softness), 3. saddle shapes and 4. measuring one’s sit bone width. This post explains how to choose an optimal saddle width. Apologies in advance if some parts resemble an anathomy notebook. 🙂 The last chapter (5.) gives a simple … Read more
Updated: 16/10/2020. This post will explain how to measure one’s sit bone width (at home). Sit bone width is important when choosing an optimal saddle width (so it is neither too narrow, nor too wide). Contents: Tools needed Measuring procedure Bicycle saddle model recommendations 1. Tools needed Tools needed to measure sit bone width at … Read more
Updated: 16/10/2020. This post, third in the series about bicycle saddles, explains what kinds of saddle shapes there are and which to choose according to one’s needs and riding style. Previous two posts explain bicycle saddle material and padding. While the next post will explain sizing (width primarily). Saddle shapes differ in the following attributes: … Read more
Updated: 16/10/2020. After a post about bicycle saddle materials, this post focuses on the saddle padding – it’s thickness and softness – and how to choose optimal padding type. Contents: Too soft saddle can, and does hurt Too hard – the other extreme Bicycle saddle model recommendations 1. Too soft saddle can, and does hurt … Read more
Updated: 04/03/2021. This post will explain what materials are used for making bicycle saddles (and padding) and what are their advantages and disadvantages. It is the first in a series of posts that explain how to choose a good fitting saddle. Other posts are explaining: saddle padding, bicycle saddle shape, measuring sit bone width and … Read more
Updated: 09/09/2020. When replacing headset (i.e. fork, or steerer bearings), removing fork crown race (fork cone) can be problematic. Especially if the fork crown is wider than the race, so it can’t be punched off from the bottom. This post will explain the short and simple procedure and note the needed toos. 1. Tools … Read more
Updated: 24/04/2019. This post explains what kinds of road bicycle handlebar shapes exist. These shapes differ in terms of curvature, height difference between the top and bottom part, width etc. The term “drop bar geometry” refers to all that. For road bar hand positions, read this post: Road bike hand positions. How to adjust road … Read more
Updated: 16/11/2018. This post explains what kinds of road bicycle drop bar hand positions exist. One of the main advantages of drop bars they allow various hand, arm and body positions. All the positions should be comfortable when the bars are set up correctly. This enables easy transition during riding for more comfort, more control, more … Read more
Updated: 29/01/2021. This post explains the term: “bicycle frame geometry”. Frame geometry consists of important attributes like fork trail, rake, wheelbase etc. All those will be defined, explained, along with how they affect bicycle’s handling and ride characteristics. Separate posts explain bicycle frame comfort as well as how to set a comfortable bicycle riding position. … Read more
Updated: 09/09/2020. This post explains bicycle fork types and basic terms. A separate post explains the names of bicycle fork and headset bearing parts. Contents:1. What is a bicycle fork?2. Important dimensions3. Types of forks..3.1. Systems of fork attachment…..3.1.1. Threaded forks…..3.1.2. Threadless – “ahead” forks..3.2. Brake attachment system…..3.2.1. Brakes mounted at the centre of the … Read more