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Bicycle chain lubricants – explained

Bicycle chain lubricants - in detail

Updated: 27/01/2021. Eternal debate in the cycling world: how to lube and maintain a bicycle chain? There are those that seldom notice drive chain, until it starts creaking really loud, or breaks. There are also those that regularly clean and lubricate their chains. When it comes to those who do maintain their bicycle chains, there … Read more

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Bicycle bearing greases – explained

Detailed explanation of important bicycle bearing grease characteristics - grease types explained

Updated: 11/12/2020. It is a common debate among cyclists (and mechanics) which is the best bicycle bearing grease – for use in hub, or steerer, brake pivot etc. bearings. Some swear by the old “axle grease” that “… my grandfather / father used …” Others recommend silicone, Teflon, graphite grease and so on. This post explains important … Read more

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Short overview of threadless BB (press fit) standards

Standards of threadless bottom bracket bearings (press-fit BB standards)

Updated: 09/09/2020. This post will give a short overview (list) of threadless (press fit) BB standards. For each BB standard there is an overview intersection of BB cartridge and frame’s BB shell where BB is inserted to, followed by it’s dimensions. Look here for explanation of all the different BB standards. BB30 Shell width: 68 … Read more

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Compatibility [10] Bottom brackets

Bottom bracket compatibility - what can be combined with what

Updated: 01/04/2021. This post will explain bottom bracket compatibility. Which bottom brackets (BBs) can be combined with which crankset standards. Before you start, to avoid any misunderstanding:please take the 5 minutes needed to read the compatibility articles use instructions. Posts that explain in detail the history and construction of each BB standard can be found … Read more

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Compatibility [09] Cranks(ets)

Bicycle crankset compatibility (cranks, chainrings)

Updated: 01/04/2021. This post addresses bicycle crankset compatibility in terms of mixing various speed cranksets with other components. For example: an 8 speed crankset on a bicycle with 10 rear sprockets and a 10 speed chain (a), or a triple chainring with a front derailleur (FD) constructed for double chainrings (b). It will also address … Read more

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Tools needed for a bicycle hub overhaul

Tools needed for a bicycle hub overhaul (service)

Updated: 08/11/2018. Good quality bicycle wheel hub can last for ages, if serviced regularly and properly. This article lists and explains what tools are needed for a bicycle hub overhaul, of cup and cone hubs, that have replaceable ball bearings, not the cartridge bearing hubs. The procedure of servicing (overhauling) hubs is explained in this … Read more

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Compatibility [08] Mechanical brakes

Compatibility of mechanical (i.e. non-hydraulic, but cable actuated) bicycle brakes. Which brakes can be combined with which

Updated: 01/04/2021. This post will explain mechanical bicycle brake compatibility (i.e. brakes with cable actuation, not hydraulic) of both calipers and levers. Hydraulic brakes will be explained in a separate article. For explanation of terms like amount of lever cable pull and mechanical advantage, look at this article: Mechanical brakes – working principle. Before you start, to … Read more

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Compatibility [06] Front shifters

Bicycle front shifter compatibility. With which front derailleurs (FD-s) do which shifters work

Updated: 01/04/2021. This post explains bicycle front shifter compatibility, i.e. which shifters can be mixed with which front derailleurs, chains and chainrings. Before you start, to avoid any misunderstanding:please take the 5 minutes needed to read the compatibility articles use instructions. Front shifter lever is used to control the front derailleur, that is to change … Read more

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Compatibility [05] Front derailleurs

Bicycle front derailleur compatibility. Which FD can work with which shifter, crank (chainrings), frame mounts, chains...

Updated: 01/04/2021. This post explains bicycle front derailleur compatibility of various makes and models. For a detailed explanation of front derailleur (FD in the rest of this post) mounting systems, cable routing and capacity, read this article: Front derailleur. Before you start, to avoid any misunderstanding:please take the 5 minutes needed to read the compatibility articles … Read more

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Compatibility [04] Rear derailleurs

Bicycle rear derailleur compatibility - which rear shifters, cassettes and chains can it be combined with

Updated: 09/05/2021. This post explains bicycle rear derailleur compatibility, i.e. what derailleurs can work with which number of rear sprockets (cassettes) and which rear shifters. For explanation of other rear derailleur functioning and limitations, such as chain wrap capacity, read this article: Rear derailleur. Before you start, to avoid any misunderstanding:please take the 5 minutes needed … Read more

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Compatibility [03] Rear hubs

Compatibility of bicycle rear hubs - which can accept what kinds of sprockets (cassettes)

Updated: 01/04/2021. Note: this article explains compatibility in terms of rear sprocket mounting and proper gear shifting. For other important facts about rear hubs, read the following articles:Rear hubFreewheel vs Freehub Before you start, to avoid any misunderstanding:please take the 5 minutes needed to read the compatibility articles use instructions. Compatibility categories will be sorted by number of … Read more

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Compatibility [02] Cassettes

Compatibility of bicycle cassettes (rear sprockets) - which shifters and derailleurs can they be combined with

Updated: 01/04/2021. This post will explain bicycle cassette compatibility i.e. what cassettes can be mixed with which rear shifters/derailleurs. For compatibility with various chains, see: Chain compatibility post. Overview of compatibility and possible combinations will be given according to the number of sprockets. From the old 6 sprocket standard to the newest 12 sprocket one. There are … Read more

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Compatibility [01] Chains

Bicycle chain compatibility - which chains can be combined with which cassettes (sprockets)

Updated: 14/06/2021. This post explains bicycle chains compatibility – which chains can be combined with which number of “speeds”. Firstly, basic facts about the chain will be explained. Then compatibility and possible mixing will be given per the number of speeds a chain is designed for. From one to 12 speeds.Before you start, to avoid … Read more

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Compatibility [00] Intro – what combines with what

Compatibility - combining various different bicycle parts. What can be combined with what, so that it works fine

Updated: 01/04/2021. This is the first in a series of compatibility posts, explaining: combining various different bicycle parts – what can be combined with what so that it works fine. There are various standards for bicycle parts. 6, 10, or 11 sprockets at the back, road, MTB shifters etc. There are also different manufacturers’ standards. When … Read more

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Bicycle tyre sizing and dimension standards

Bicycle tyre size - ISO, ETRTO dimension standards. BSD rim dimension - which tyre size fits which rim

Updated: 24/05/2021. What do size marks on bicycle tyre package mean, how to “read” them, which bicycle tyre size can fit a given rim? This post answers all those questions, providing an easy, uniform, standardized way to tell a tyre (tube and rim) size using ISO (ETRTO) standards. For detailed tube sizing gude, see: Bicycle … Read more