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Bicycle bearing greases – explained

Detailed explanation of important bicycle bearing grease characteristics - grease types explained

Updated: 02/05/2020. It is a common debate among cyclists (and mechanics) which is the best bicycle bearing grease – for use in hub, or steerer, brake pivot etc. bearings. Some swear by the old “axle grease” that “… my grandfather / father used …” Others recommend silicone, Teflon, graphite grease and so on. This post explains important … Read more Bicycle bearing greases – explained

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Cantilever brake adjustment

Adjustment (set up) of cantilever bicycle brakes

Updated: 16/11/2018. This post explains cantilever brake adjustment. 0. Intro Cantilever brakes are unjustly considered to be poor brakes by many cyclists, compared to V-brakes for example. They do have their flaws, but low braking power is not one of those, it is mostly due to poor pad/rim material, and (more often) due to poor … Read more Cantilever brake adjustment

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Short overview of threadless BB (press fit) standards

Standards of threadless bottom bracket bearings (press-fit BB standards)

Updated: 16/11/2018. This post will give a short overview (list) of threadless (press fit) BB standards. For each BB standard there is an overview intersection of BB cartridge and frame’s BB shell where BB is inserted to, followed by it’s dimensions. Look here for explanation of all the different BB standards. BB30 Shell width: 68 … Read more Short overview of threadless BB (press fit) standards

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Compatibility [10] Bottom brackets

Bottom bracket compatibility - what can be combined with what

Updated: 16/05/2020. This post will explain bottom bracket compatibility. Which bottom brackets (BBs) can be combined with which crankset standards. Posts that explain in detail the history and construction of each BB standard can be found here: 1 History and threaded BB standards 2 Threadless (press fit) bb standards T47 – a new threaded BB … Read more Compatibility [10] Bottom brackets

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Compatibility [09] Cranks(ets)

Bicycle crankset compatibility (cranks, chainrings)

Updated: 15/03/2020. This post addresses bicycle crankset compatibility in terms of mixing various speed cranksets with other components. For example: an 8 speed crankset on a bicycle with 10 rear sprockets and a 10 speed chain (a), or a triple chainring with a front derailleur (FD) constructed for double chainrings (b). It will also address … Read more Compatibility [09] Cranks(ets)

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Tools needed for a bicycle hub overhaul

Tools needed for a bicycle hub overhaul (service)

Updated: 08/11/2018. Good quality bicycle wheel hub can last for ages, if serviced regularly and properly. This article lists and explains what tools are needed for a bicycle hub overhaul, of cup and cone hubs, that have replaceable ball bearings, not the cartridge bearing hubs. The procedure of servicing (overhauling) hubs is explained in this … Read more Tools needed for a bicycle hub overhaul

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Removing rear bicycle sprockets

How to remove cassette from a bicycle wheel - instructions with a list of tools

Updated: 16/11/2018. This post explains the tools needed and the proper procedure of removing rear sprockets of rear wheels that have them.  🙂   Tools needed will be listed after the preparation procedures are explained, for reasons that will become apparent after reading paragraphs preceding the tool list. Contents: 1. Removing the wheel 2. Determining whether … Read more Removing rear bicycle sprockets

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Compatibility [08] Mechanical brakes

Compatibility of mechanical (i.e. non-hydraulic, but cable actuated) bicycle brakes. Which brakes can be combined with which

Updated: 16/11/2018. This post will explain mechanical bicycle brake compatibility (i.e. brakes with cable actuation, not hydraulic) of both calipers and levers. Hydraulic brakes will be explained in a separate article. For explanation of terms like amount of lever cable pull and mechanical advantage, look at this article: Mechanical brakes – working principle. 1. Amount of cable … Read more Compatibility [08] Mechanical brakes

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Compatibility [07] Rear shifters

Bicycle rear shifter compatibility

Updated: 07/10/2019. Rear shifters are of course used to shift gears at the back – that is to control the rear derailleur (RD in the future) which then moves the chain from one rear sprocket to the other. In this post, first there will be a short explanation of difference between friction and indexed shifters, … Read more Compatibility [07] Rear shifters

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Compatibility [06] Front shifters

Bicycle front shifter compatibility. With which front derailleurs (FD-s) do which shifters work

Updated: 27/09/2019. This post explains bicycle front shifter compatibility, i.e. which shifters can be mixed with which front derailleurs, chains and chainrings. Front shifter lever is used to control the front derailleur, that is to change gears in the front. There are numerous designs of various manufacturers. However, for compatibility considerations, the only important factor … Read more Compatibility [06] Front shifters

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Compatibility [05] Front derailleurs

Bicycle front derailleur compatibility. Which FD can work with which shifter, crank (chainrings), frame mounts, chains...

Updated: 27/09/2019. This post explains bicycle front derailleur compatibility of various makes and models. For a detailed explanation of front derailleur (FD in the rest of this post) mounting systems, cable routing and capacity, read this article: Front derailleur. FDs differ in several categories (they are all explained with pictures in above linked FD article): Mounting: braze … Read more Compatibility [05] Front derailleurs

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Compatibility [04] Rear derailleurs

Bicycle rear derailleur compatibility - which rear shifters, cassettes and chains can it be combined with

Updated: 06/10/2019. This post explains bicycle rear derailleur compatibility, i.e. what derailleurs can work with which number of rear sprockets (cassettes) and which rear shifters. For explanation of other rear derailleur functioning and limitations, such as chain wrap capacity, read this article: Rear derailleur. Basic terms and what to pay attention to Most modern bicycles have … Read more Compatibility [04] Rear derailleurs

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Compatibility [03] Rear hubs

Compatibility of bicycle rear hubs - which can accept what kinds of sprockets (cassettes)

Updated: 13/06/2019. Note: this article explains compatibility in terms of rear sprocket mounting and proper gear shifting. For other important facts about rear hubs, read the following articles: Rear hub Freewheel vs Freehub Compatibility categories will be sorted by number of rear sprockets. It is important to note that there are three major rear freehub standards – a) … Read more Compatibility [03] Rear hubs

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Compatibility [02] Cassettes

Compatibility of bicycle cassettes (rear sprockets) - which shifters and derailleurs can they be combined with

Updated: 16/11/2018. Related article: Speeds – rear sprockets. This post will explain bicycle cassette compatibility i.e. what cassettes can be mixed with which rear shifters/derailleurs. For compatibility with various chains, see: Chain compatibility post. Overview of compatibility and possible combinations will be given according to the number of sprockets. From old 6 sprocket standard, to the newest … Read more Compatibility [02] Cassettes

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Compatibility [01] Chains

Bicycle chain compatibility - which chains can be combined with which cassettes (sprockets)

Updated: 29/07/2019. This post explains bicycle chains compatibility – which chains can be combined with which number of “speeds”. First basic facts about chain will be explained. Then compatibility and possible mixing will be given per number of speeds a chain is designed for. From one to 12 speeds. Basic bicycle chains facts All the … Read more Compatibility [01] Chains

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Compatibility [00] Intro – what combines with what

Compatibility - combining various different bicycle parts. What can be combined with what, so that it works fine

Updated: 16/11/2018. This is the first in a series of posts, explaining: combining various different bicycle parts – what can be combined with what, so that it works fine. There are various standards for bicycle parts. 6, 10, or 11 sprockets at the back, road, MTB shifters etc. There are also different manufacturers’ standards. When replacing … Read more Compatibility [00] Intro – what combines with what

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When to replace the chain on a bicycle?

When to replace a worn bicycle chain

Updated: 27/04/2019. This post explains when to replace a bicycle chain. For a detailed explanation of what exactly happens when a chain gets used and worn, look at this post: Bicycle chain wear (elongation) Contents:1. Chain design2. Chain wear – elongation3. When is the time to replace the chain on a bicycle?4. How to measure … Read more When to replace the chain on a bicycle?

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Chain length sizing for bicycles with derailleurs

Optimal chain length for bicycles with a derailleur (multi-geared bicycles)

Updated: 16/11/2018. It is often asked: what is an optimal chain length for a bicycle with derailleurs? Should a new chain be shortened and how much? That is answered in this post. For single speed bicycles (or bikes with internal gear hubs), see: Determining optimal single speed chain length.   1. Bicycle drive chain length … Read more Chain length sizing for bicycles with derailleurs

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Determining single speed chain length

How to determine an optimal chain length for single speed bicycles (bicycles with only one chainring at the front and back)

Updated: 16/11/2018. How to determine an optimal single speed chain length? Why is it important? When explaining this, it is important to note that it goes for all the bicycles with only one chainring at the front and at the back, including bicycles with gear hubs (that have multiple gears built inside the rear hub … Read more Determining single speed chain length

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Bicycle tyre sizing and dimension standards

Bicycle tyre size - ISO, ETRTO dimension standards. BSD rim dimension - which tyre size fits which rim

Updated: 16/11/2018. What do size marks on bicycle tyre package mean, how to “read” them, which bicycle tyre size can fit a given rim? This post answers all those questions, providing an easy, uniform, standardized way to tell a tyre (tube and rim) size using ISO (ETRTO) standards. For detailed tube sizing gude, see: Bicycle … Read more Bicycle tyre sizing and dimension standards